Wallace Chafe

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Publications on the Nature of Language

1962.   Phonetics, Semantics, and Language. Language 38 :335-344.


1963.   Some Indeterminacies in Language. Georgetown Monograph Series on Languages and Linguistics 16: 57-62.


1965.   Meaning in Language. American Anthropologist 67(5), Pt. 2, 23-36.


1967.   Language as Symbolization. Language 43: 57-91.


1998.   Idiomaticity as an Anomaly in the Chomskyan Paradigm. Foundations of Language 4: 109-127.


            The Ordering of Phonological Rules. International Journal of American Linguistics 34: 115-136.


1970.   Meaning and the Structure of Language. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.


            New and Old Information. In H. Harris (ed.), Papers from the 4th Annual Kansas Linguistics Conference, 36-65. Lawrence, Kansas.


1971.  Directionality and Paraphrase. Language 47: 1-26.


            Linguistics and Human Knowledge. Georgetown University Monograph Series on Languages and Linguistics 24: 57-69.


1972.   Discourse Structure and Human Knowledge. In Roy O. Freedle and John B. Carroll (eds.), Language Comprehension and the Acquisition of Knowledge, 41-69. Washington: V. H.­Winston.


1973.   Language and Memory. Language 49: 261-281.


1974.   Language and Consciousness. Language 50: 111-133.


            Interview. In Herman Parret, Discussing Language, 1-25. The Hague: Mouton.


            Imi to Gengo Koozoo. Tokyo: Taishukan Publishing. (Japanese translation of Meaning and the Structure of Language.)


1975.   Some Thoughts on Schemata. In Roger Schank and Bonnie L. Nash-Webber (eds.), Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing, 89-91. Cambridge, MA.


            Creativity in Verbalization as Evidence for Analogic Knowledge. Pp. 144-145 of the preceding.


            Znachenie i Struktura Jazyka. Moscow: Progress. (Russian translation of Meaning and the Structure of Language.)


1976.   Givenness, Contrastiveness, Definiteness, Subjects, Topics, and Point of View. In             Charles N. Li (ed.), Subject and Topic, 25-55. New York: Academic Press.


            Significado y Estructura de la Lengua. Barcelona:­ Editorial Planeta. (Spanish translation of Meaning and the Structure of language.)


            Bedeutung und Sprachstruktur. Munich: Max Hueber Verlag.­ (German translation of Meaning and the Structure of language.)


1977.   Creativity in Verbalization and its Implications for the Nature of Stored Knowledge. In Roy O.­Freedle (ed.), Discourse Production and Comprehension, 41-55.­ Norwood, NJ: Ablex.


            The Recall and Verbalization of Past Experience. In R. W. Cole (ed.), Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 215-246. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.


            The Flow of Thought and the Flow of Language. In T. Givón (ed.), Discourse and Syntax, 159-181. New York: Academic Press.


1979.   Significado e Estrutura Linguistica. Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo: Livros Tecnicos e Cientificos Editora. (Portuguese translation of Meaning and the Structure of language.)


1980.   Editor: The Pear Stories: Cognitive, Cultural, and Linguistic Aspects of Narrative Production. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.


            The Deployment of Consciousness in the Production of a Narrative. Above volume, 9-50.


            Some Reasons for Hesitating. In H. W. Dechert and M. Raupach (eds.), Temporal Variables in Speech, 169-180.­ The Hague: Mouton. Reprinted 1985 in Deborah Tannen and Muriel Saville-Troike (eds.), Perspectives on Silence, 77-89.­ Norwood, NJ: Ablex.


1984.   How People Use Adverbial Clauses. In Claudia Brugmann and Monica Macaulay (eds.), Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 437-449.


            Cognitive Constraints on Information Flow.­ Berkeley Cognitive Science Report No. ­26.


1985.   Information Flow in Seneca and English.­ In Mary Niepokuj, Mary Van Clay, Vassiliki Nikiforidou, and Deborah Feder (eds.), Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 14-24.


1986.   Beyond Bartlett: Narratives and Remembering. In E.­ Gülich and U. Quasthoff (eds.), Narrative Analysis: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue, 139-151.­ Special issue of Poetics, Vol. 15.


            With Johanna Nichols: Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.


            Evidentiality in English Conversation and Academic Writing. Above volume, 261-272.


            How we Know Things about Language:­ A Plea for Catholicism. In Deborah Tannen and James E. Alatis (eds.), Georgetown University Round Table, 1985, 214-225.


1987.   Cognitive Constraints on Information Flow. In Russell Tomlin (ed.), Coherence and Grounding in Discourse, 21-51.­ Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


1988.   Linking Intonation Units in Spoken English. In John Haiman and Sandra A. Thompson (eds.), Clause Combining in Grammar and Discourse, 1-27. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


1990.   Some Things that Narratives Tell us about the Mind. In B. Britton and A. Pellegrini (eds.), Narrative Thought and Narrative Language, 79-98. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


            Looking Ahead. Text 10: 19-22.


            Introduction [to a Special Issue on Third Person Reference in Discourse]. International Journal of American Linguistics 56: 313-316.


1991.   Repeated Verbalizations as Evidence for the Organization of Knowledge. In Werner Bahner, Joachim Schildt, and Dieter Viehweger (eds.), Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Congress of Linguists, Berlin 1987, 57-68. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.


            With John W. Du Bois and Sandra A. Thompson: Toward a New Corpus of Spoken American English. In Karin Aijmer and Bengt Altenberg (eds.), English Corpus Linguistics: Studies in Honour of Jan Svartvik, 64-82. London: Longman.


1992.   Discourse. In William Bright (ed.), Oxford International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Vol. 1, 356-358. New York: Oxford University Press.


            Information Flow. In William Bright (ed.), Oxford International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Vol. 2, 2215-218. New York: Oxford University Press.


            Information Flow in Speaking and Writing. In Pamela Downing, Susan D. Lima, and Michael Noonan (eds.), The Linguistics of Literacy, 17-29. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


            The Flow of Ideas in a Sample of Written Language. In Sandra A. Thompson and William C. Mann (eds.), Discourse Description: Diverse Linguistic Analyses of a Fund-raising Text, 267-294. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


            The Importance of Corpus Linguistics to Understanding the Nature of Language. In Jan Svartvik (ed.), Directions in Corpus Linguistics. Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 82, Stockholm, 4-8 August 1991, 79-97. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.


            Immediacy and Displacement in Consciousness and Language. In Dieter Stein (ed.), Cooperating with Written Texts: The Pragmatics and Comprehension of Written Texts, 231-255. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.


            Intonation Units and Prominences in English Natural Discourse. Proceedings of the IRCS Workshop on Prosody in Natural Speech, 41-52. The Institute for Research in Cognitive Science Report No. 92-37. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.


1993.   Prosodic and Functional Units of Language. In Jane A. Edwards and Martin D. Lampert (eds.), Talking Data: Transcription and Coding in Discourse Research, 33-43. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


1994.   Discourse, Consciousness, and Time: The Flow and Displacement of Conscious Experience in Speaking and Writing. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.


1995.   Adequacy, User-friendliness, and Practicality in Transcribing. In Geoffrey Leech, Greg Myers, and Jenny Thomas (eds.), Spoken English on Computer: Transcription, Mark-up, and Application, 54-61. New York: Longman.


            Accessing the Mind through Language. In Sture Allén (ed.), Of Thoughts and Words. Proceedings of the Nobel Symposium 92: The Relation between Language and Mind, 107-125. Singapore: Imperial College Press.


1996.   How Consciousness Shapes Language. Pragmatics and Cognition 4: 35-54.


            Comments on Jackendoff, Nuyts, and Allwood. Pragmatics and Cognition 4: 181-196.


            Beyond Beads on a String and Branches in a Tree. In Adele Goldberg (ed.), Conceptual Structure, Discourse, and Language, 49-65. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information.


            Inferring Identifiability and Accessibility. In Thorstein Fretheim and Jeanette K. Gundel (eds.), Reference and Referent Accessibility, 37-46. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


            Consciousness and Language. In Jef Verschueren, Jan-Ola Östman, Jan Blommaert, and Chris Bulcaen (eds.), Handbook of Pragmatics 1996, 1-14. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


1997.   Polyphonic Topic Development. In T. Givón (ed.), Conversation: Cognitive, Communicative and Social Perspectives, 41-53. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


1998.   How Time Affects the Shape of Language. In Yasuhiko Nagano (ed.), Time, Language, and Cognition. Senri Ethnological Studies 45: 235-250. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.


            Things we Can Learn from Repeated Tellings of the Same Experience. Narrative Inquiry 8: 269-285.


            Language and the Flow of Thought. In Michael Tomasello (ed.), The New Psychology of Language: Cognitive and Functional Approaches to Language Structure, 93-111. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


            How a Historical Linguist and a Native Speaker Understand a Complex Morphology. In Monika S. Schmid, Jennifer R. Austin, and Dieter Stein (eds.), Historical Linguistics 1997: Selected Papers from the 13th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Düsseldorf, 10-17 August 1997, 101-116. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


            Do Speakers of Different Languages Think Differently? In Osahito Miyaoka and Minoru Oshima (eds.), Languages of the North Pacific Rim, Volume 5, 1-16. Kyoto: Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University.


1999.   With Marianne Mithun: What are S, A, and O? Studies in Language 23: 579-606.


            Florescence as a Force in Grammaticalization. In Spike Gildea (ed.), Reconstructing Grammar: Comparative Linguistics and Grammaticalization, 39-64. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


2000.   Loci of Diversity and Convergence in Thought and Language. In Martin Pütz and Marjolijn Verspoor (eds.), Explorations in Linguistic Relativity, 101-123. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


            Verbs and their Objects and the One New Idea Hypothesis. In Alan K. Melby and Arle R. Lommel (eds.), LACUS Forum XXVI, 5-18. Fullerton, CA: The Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States.


            The Interplay of Prosodic and Segmental Sounds in the Expression of Thoughts. In Matthew L. Juge and Jeri L. Moxley (eds.), Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 1997, 389-401. Berkeley Linguistics Society.


            Verbal and Nonverbal Thought. In Sven Sandström (ed.), Intuitive Formation of Meaning: Symposium Held in Stockholm, April 20-21, 1998. Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, Konferenser 48, 53-64. Stockholm.


            Epistemic Modality in English. Epistemic Modality and Related Phenomena: The Cases of Japanese, English and Chinese, 1-19. The National Language Research Institute, Seventh International Symposium, Session 6.  Tokyo.


            A Linguist’s Perspective on William James and the Stream of Thought. Consciousness and Cognition 9: 618-628.


2001.   The Analysis of Discourse Flow. In Deborah Schiffrin, Deborah Tannen, and Heidi E. Hamilton (eds.), The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, 673-687. Oxford: Blackwell.


2002.   Putting Grammaticalization in its Place. In Ilse Wischer and Gabriele Diewald (eds.), New Reflections on Grammaticalization: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grammaticalization, 17-19 June 1999, at Potsdam University, Germany, 395-412. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


            Prosody and Emotion in a Sample of Real Speech. In Peter Fries, Michael Cummings, David Lockwood, and William Sprueill (eds.), Relations and Functions Within and Around Language, 277-315. London: Continuum.


            Masculine and Feminine in the Northern Iroquoian Languages. In N. J. Enfield (ed.), Ethnosyntax: Explorations in Grammar and Culture, 99-109. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


2003.   The Translation Paradox. In Nicole Baumgarten, Claudia Böttger, Markus Motz, and Julia Probst (eds.), Übersetzen, Interkulturelle Kommunikation, Spracherwerb und Sprachvermittlung: das Leben mit mehreren Sprachen. Festschrift für Juliane House zum 60. Geburtstag. Zeitschrift für Interkulturellen Fremdsprachenunterricht 8(2/3): 1-10. Online at http://www.ualberta.ca/~german/ejournal/Chafe.htm.


2005.   The Relation of Grammar to Thought. In Christopher S. Butler, María de los Ángeles Gómez-González, and Susana M. Doval-Suárez (eds.), The Dynamics of Language Use: Functional and Contrastive Perspectives, pp. 55-75. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

2008.   Syntax as a Repository of Historical Relics. In Alex Bergs and Gabriele Diewald (eds.), Constructions and Language Change, 259-266. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

            Rol' introspekeii, nablyudeniya i eksperimenta v ponimanii myshleniya. (The Roles of Introspection, Observation, and Experimentation in Understanding the Mind.) Voprosy jazykoznanija, no. 4: 78-88.